Agricultural technological change is essential as everyone is stakeholder in India. Food security and nutritional security is foremost concern of India and Agriculture only can be the vehicle of progress and prosperity. Change is difficult, but change must meet new challenges of prosperity, progress and peace by thinking out of box with special reference of climate change and global warming.
One of them may be vision of 3F (Future Food Factory) with objective of raising productivity, quality and farmer income on cash and field crops by improved land preparation, soil nutrition, water management, controlled environment, and precise high-tech practices in vertical system of cultivation. 3F also generates plenty of food, fodder, fuel, fiber, energy, and income to farmers and new approach for employment to youths and generate income.
Sustainable agriculture concept base of 3F means an integrated system of plant and animal production practices having a site-specific application that will, in the long-term, satisfy human food and fiber needs, enhance environmental quality and the natural resource base upon which the agriculture economy depends, make the most efficient use of non renewable resources and on-farm resources and integrate, where appropriate, natural biological cycles and controls, sustain the economic viability of farm operations, enhance the quality of life for farmers and society as a whole.
Sustainable agriculture in simpler terms means meeting consumer demands for food, fiber and fuel, conserving and enhancing natural resources and maintaining farm profitability for the economy and farm life. Appropriate technologies for modern agriculture 3F will contain integrated network system, pinpoint fertilizer applications based on yields; improved seed technologies, and decrease need for pesticides/herbicides.
Mission of 3F is to create high quality, affordable food for the whole world, meet agricultural challenges, combat global warming, minimize climate change effect, contingency plan for erratic rain fall, fragmented land, poor soil fertility, resource poor farmers, lack of technology application and little investment in agriculture and rural development.
3F is to be established through financial support from international agencies, state and central government, fund, and support from financial institutions.
There are eight major components of the proposed 3F. They are personal development, human development, social development, economic development, environmental development, basic amenities and services, social security and good governance beside enhancing productivity, ensuring sustainability and increasing profitability of farmers.
The keys that are required to be considered for 3F include high yielding, more crop, controlled environment, organic production, quality cultivation and genetically modified crops yield. It also gives rise to environmental friendly agriculture.
This 3F approach will produce innovative product development and marketing and also good exporting which means from production to consumer all under one roof in fully controlled conditions. This 3F approach will be beneficial for the Indian agriculture system.
Dept of Biotechnology
A. N. College, Patna